The Keoladeo National Park is located in eastern Rajasthan, about 2 kilometers from Bharatpur and 50 kilometers from Agra. The park is a parch work of marshes that form the larger Gangetic plain. It features a system of canals, dykes and sluices. The small tributaries from the Gambira and Banganga Rivers supply the marshes with water.

Keoladeo National Park you gotta go here
Keoladeo National Park you gotta go here

The Keoladeo National Park is located in eastern Rajasthan, about 2 kilometers from Bharatpur and 50 kilometers from Agra. The park is a parch work of marshes that form the larger Gangetic plain. It features a system of canals, dykes and sluices. The small tributaries from the Gambira and Banganga Rivers supply the marshes with water.

The inundations of Banganga and Gambria Rivers are further impounded on arable land by means of an artificial dam called the Ajan Bund that is located on the southern end of the park. In late September and early October, the dam is drained ready from cultivation during winter. The area is flooded to a depth of 1 to 2 meters throughout the monsoon (July to September). After this, the water level drops.

Vegetation

Much of the flood area is characterized with semi-arid biotype. Only the area within the park has much vegetation, hence the fond name ‘Ghana’ which is translated to mean thicket. Principal vegetation here comprises of dry deciduous forests and dry grassland. The artificially managed marshes contain some areas covered with medium-sized trees and shrubs. The forests are dominated by jamun, babul, kalam with some scrublands dominated by ber and kair. The aquatic vegetation forms an integral part of the food system that helps the proliferation of waterfowls.

Fauna Species

  • Primates – Among the primates you are going to find in the park include the rhesus macaque and langur.
  • Predators – Large predators were largely exterminated by 1964. You will find small carnivores such as Bengal fox, striped hyena, palm civet Indian Civet, Jackal, Indian Mongoose, leopard cat, jungle cat and many more.
  • Herbivores - Herbivores that you will encounter here include the wild boar, the feral cattle, the sambar, blackbuck, wild boar, chital, Indian porcupine and Indian hare and many more.
  • Fish – There is an estimated 65 million species of fish fry carried into the water by the floods. This is an important food base for the fish.
  • Avifauna – There is a healthy number of waterfowls. With over 364 species of birds, this habitat is considered one of the best places to have fun bird watching.

This Indian park is one of the best places to capture the birds on film or photograph. If you love exploring the wild, this is one of the best places to visit in India.


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